The Balance Mantained: Eat healthy !

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EAT PROPERLY!!!!!EAT WELL!!!HAVE SOME MORE!!I am sure that you all would have heard this from your family especially your mom or grand-mom. When they say this you always get irritated and wonder when they are gonna leave you or you yourself will be waiting to seize an opportunity to escape from them. We do not realize the importance of eating well and healthy. Their every word which makes your blood boil is actually good for you in the long run. I am sure you will understand what I am saying when you finish reading this article.

Many people out there will be skeptical when people mention the term balanced-diet. Let me clear your doubt for you. Now I am gonna tell you the exact meaning of this term. Eating a balanced diet means choosing a wide variety of foods and drinks from all the food groups. It also means eating certain things in moderation, namely saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, refined sugar, salt and alcohol. The goal is to take in nutrients you need for health at the recommended levels. So in simple words you can say that a balanced diet is a complete meal that contains all the nutrients required by our body in the right amount for its proper functioning.

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Next you will all be wondering what are the essential nutrients required by our body. I am sure that everyone will be knowing what they are but might be doubtful about their roles in maintaining a healthy body. Let me tell you all the nutrients and the roles that they play.

CARBOHYDRATES:The role of carbohydrates is to provide energy, as they are the body’s main source of fuel, needed for physical activity, brain function and operation of the organs. All the cells and tissues in your body need carbs, and they are also important for intestinal health and waste elimination. Once in the body, carbohydrates are easily converted to fuel.The major sources of carbohydrates are cereals, pulses, potatoes. But also fruit and vegetables contain carbohydrates and even milk.

PROTEINS:Protein is a nutrient needed by the human body for growth and maintenance. When broken down into amino acids, they are used as precursors to nucleic acid, co-enzymes, hormones, immune response, cellular repair, and other molecules essential for life. Additionally, protein is needed to form blood cells. They are also said to increase the performance level in sports-persons.But they are only used as fuel when the level of carbohydrates and lipids is low in our body. Meat, products from milk, eggs and fish are sources of complete protein.For vegetarians, grains and pulses are a rich source of protein.

FATS:The human body is dependent on fat for optimal health. Fat, or adipose tissue, functions as an insulator to preserve body heat and protect organs in the body. Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K, are dependent on fat for absorption and transportation in the body. So if  you eliminate fat in your diet, you will be deprives of the fat soluble vitamins which may cause many problems. Oil,butter,ghee are a few sources of fat.

VITAMINS AND MINERALS:They are essential to enable the body to break down and use the basic elements of food. In addition to this, they help shore up bones, heal wounds, and bolster your immune system. They also convert food into energy, and repair cellular damage. We all know the vitamins that are required by us. They are vitamin A,B,B12,C,D,K. Deficiency of each of them leads to many complications. All fruits and vegetables are a good source of vitamins and minerals.

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Now that you all know the functions of all these nutrients in our body, its time you also know the diseases they cause if they become deficient.

1. Deficiency in carbohydrates leads to fatigue and giddiness which makes it difficult to carry on with your day to day tasks.

2. Deficiency in fats leads to major problems as well. Why? That is because they help in absorbing the vitamins that are soluble in fats. Vitamin A,D,E, and K are the fat soluble vitamins.

3. Deficiency in proteins leads ti weight loss. These nutrients are also essential for repairing damaged cells. So their deficiency will also lead to cell damage.

4. Deficiency in vitamin A leads to night blindness. If not treated immediately, it will lead to permanent blindness.

5. Deficiency in vitamin B leads to beriberi. There are two types of this. Wet beriberi and dry beriberi. Wet beriberi can effect heart function and, in the most extreme cases, heart failure. Dry beriberi damages the nerves and can lead to a loss of muscle strength and, eventually, muscle paralysis.

6. Deficiency in vitamin C leads to scurvy. It causes anemia, debility, exhaustion, edema (swelling) in some parts of the body, and sometimes ulceration of the gums and loss of teeth.

7. Deficiency in vitamin D leads to rickets. It causes softening and weakening of bones in children. This vitamin aids in the absorption of calcium by our body.

8. Deficiency in Vitamin E causes neurological problems due to poor nerve conduction and changes in membrane structure and function.

9. Deficiency in vitamin K raises the risk of uncontrolled bleeding. In other words, it does not help the blood to clot fast. So in case of any injury, the blood won’t clot fast which results in a loss of excess blood.

10. Deficiency in iron leads to anemia. This nutrient is essential as it carries oxygen from our lungs to the other parts of our body. So when you are deficient in this nutrient, oxygen is not carried to other parts of the body which results in fatigue and many other problems.

11. Deficiency in calcium leads to weak bones.

Wheeewww!!!!!! These many problems when you don’t eat well.I am sure that you all now feel that its better being pestered by your mom to eat properly than to face all this.

poi

Eat well, be healthy.