How to Deal with the Pain of Migraine

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Migraine might be the most common agony that’s haunting today’s population. No one knows when it strikes. Researchers have found that it’s like the switch in your brain that goes off when you work off your normal schedule, or when something unexpected happen in your life. It is triggered often by less sleep, over exhaustion, extreme temperatures or maybe just eating excess of sugar. There is no count of its triggers, but when it is triggered, it leaves a throbbing and extreme pain normally only on one side of the head. It is also described as recurring outbreaks of severe headaches. A strange fact about migraine that boggles everyone is that, major victim of migraine are women. It is estimated that one in every five women suffers from migraine, compared to only one in sixteen men targeted by it.

Migraine’s types:
Migraine haunts the society in many forms. Different reasons trigger different types of migraines. Each type of migraine can be tackled in different way. But the horrifying fact is; a person can suffer from one or many type of migraines.

  • Common Migraine: As the name suggest, this migraine is the most common type of migraine from which nearly 80% of the population suffers. The symptoms of such migraine are sudden changes in mood, mental dizziness, feeling of tiredness and anxiety.
  • Classic Migraine: This migraine is called the one with aura. First of all, let us understand what the aura is?
    Any perceptual changes that a patient experiences right before a migraine or seizure attack is an aura.
    In such a migraine, early symptoms appear. However they can also appear during or after the headache. Such symptoms include numbing feeling, facing difficulty in speaking, flashing lights, zigzag spots, having a different taste, odor of something strange being experienced and many other.
  • Menstrual Migraine: Fluctuating level of estrogen during a women’s menstrual cycle triggers this type of migraine. This is rather a familiar case in women since 60 t0 70% of women report the relationship between their headache and menstrual cycle.
  • Abdominal Migraine: Severe nausea, abdominal pain or vomiting is associated with this migraine type. Children with family history of this disease are often the ones who suffer from it. This is usually a painful state that lasts for around 72 hours. Such children often develop a case of classic migraine when they grow up.
  • Retinal Migraine: As the name suggests Retinal Migraine disorders the vision when the headache strikes. A temporary or total loss of vision for several hours is caused by this type of migraine.
  • Apart from the above, there are a few rare cases of migraine that taints 3-4% of population. Namely Familial Hemiplegic Migraine, Opthalmoplegic Migraine and Status Migrainosus, which are the extreme cases of Migraine and may need hospitalization.

As we discussed the types of migraines and what causes them, let us now look upon the precautions one could take to avoid them.

  • Stress is your enemy: One of the major factors that trigger Migraine is stress. You may have experienced this; a fight with anyone significant in your life, leaves your head throbbing. Such fights may trigger migraine or increase the intensity of it. It is advised for every migraine-ridden personnel to avoid stress.
    When hit by stress, at once go to your stress busting havens; breathing deep, listening to music or even swimming laps can help.
  • Keep your body hydrated: Doctors have found out that excess fluids leaving the body is a bad news. Keep yourself hydrated at all times, dehydration is also a trigger. Carry a small water bottle at all time and save yourself from being dry. Drink excess of water while consuming alcohol or caffeinated drinks; such drinks cause you to perspire more than normal. However doctors advise you to totally ban the above.
  • Keep alcohol at bay: As stated above, keep alcohol down to a minimum. This is because of two reasons; one, it dehydrates your brain, and two; it often contains chemicals that trigger migraine once they enter your blood system. Only a few sips can set off a migraine attack in some cases.
  • Keep the blood sugar levels, leveled: Fluctuating blood sugar is also a cause of migraine. Skipping meals or food taken at improper times often shoot up or plummet down your blood sugar levels. Once that happen, it doesn’t takes much time for the migraine to kick in. Therefore doctors have always suggested to keep a regular diet. Eating once in every few hours and eating foods that digests at a slower pace, which slowly releases the sugar are advised.
  • Mark the triggering foods: A number of researchers found that food is the culprit of migraine in 30% of the cases. Usual food element that triggers migraine is Tyramine, commonly found in pepperoni and aged cheese.
    However, there are certain foods that may trigger migraine in you and may be ineffective in doing so in others cases. So it is advisable you keep an eye on the label. When you feel migraine knocking at your head, rewind, go back to what you were eating usually couple hours back and flag it.
  • Do not – Compromise your sleep/oversleep: Lack of sleep will as much be the triggering agent as oversleeping. Get good quality sleep. In regular hours of your sleeping and do not miss your alarm. Keep your room cool and quiet. Shut down your laptop, mobile phone, TV or everything that may wake you up before time.

But most importantly; do not ever refrain yourself going to the doctor when the pain is unbearable. Sometimes a bad case of migraine may hospitalize you for several days. It is advisable to let your doctor know of each and every one of your attacks. Maintain a journal for it.
Above all do not lose hope. It is just a phase that will pass. There is always a next time with Migraine. You may be able to control it the next time and it may not bother you for a long time.