Know your skin!

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The amount of advertisements on TV of skincare products are way too many to count. The ones promising to give you a fairer skin are a sham. We are obsessed with fair skin. Your skin colour is lovely; don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. Then there are those products that promise to protect your skin; nourish them and keep them healthy and prevent ageing. But many products fail to mention which type of skin their addressing to. In fact many of us are unaware that while buying products for our skin, we must keep both our skin type and colour in minds. We always end up choosing the product for the brand or what is suitable for the budget, but fail to invest in something suitable for the skin type. It is important to know our skin type before choosing a product because different skin types require different care and the products too are made accordingly. Choosing a wrong product can worsen your skin texture and make it even more difficult to take care of it.

Let us go through our skin types first. To know what type your skin belongs to follow this simple procedure. Wash your face clean and pat it dry. After about an hour later (without touching your face in the meanwhile), use a tissue and dab it on your skin especially on your nose and forehead. According to the information given below, judge your skin type. There are five skin types –

Normal Skin – Normal skin gives very less problems. Its tissue do not leave any traces of oil, it rarely gets acne and requires very little care. There will be absolutely nothing on your tissue paper. It usually looks vibrant, healthy and soft and the complexion is nothing less than radiant. With some care it can make you look young even in your older years.

Dry Skin – There will be nothing on the paper this time around either. But your skin will become pretty flaky and tight. Dry skin has the tendency to turn murky or yellowish and is very prone to aging. It develops wrinkles easily and has very fine pores. It is also very irritable. Dry skin requires some care especially routine applications of masks meant for moisture so that the flakes and dryness may not increase. Dry skin can worsen due to various factors like genetic problems, hormonal changes, bad weather (too windy or sunny), UV radiation, prolonged exposure to hot water especially while having a bath, certain ingredients in soaps, face wash or cleanses and medications. Avoid scrubbing while bathing and try bathing with cold water. Also use mild soaps and cleansers.

Oily Skin – The tissue paper will have some grease/facial oil on it, especially on those parts of the tissue that were dabbed on your cheeks, nose and forehead. Oily skin tends to be problematic. It looks greasy, thick, coarse, and shiny, has enlarged pores, and is always prone to acne. One good thing about oily skin however, is that it is not very much prone to aging and wrinkling. Appropriate care that includes regular cleaning, a reduction in the consumption of carbohydrates (rice, bananas etc.), and avoiding rich creams can be helpful in improving the quality of such skin. Oily skin worsens during puberty or hormonal imbalances, stress or exposure to heat and humidity. Do not touch your pimples or squeeze and pick them. Wash your skin twice a day especially when it becomes sweaty. Do not let the sweat dry up. Try using ‘noncomedogenic’ products (they unclog pores).

Combination Type – Your tissue will be clean except for those areas that touched your nose and maybe your forehead. Those with combination type have a combination of two or more types of the skin mentioned above – usually oily and dry skin. It is usually better to treat this areas separately using moisture – rich creams for the dry part and sticking to cleaning for the oily skin area will be good enough.

Sensitive Skin – Sensitive skin happens to be very dry, feels quite tight, becomes inflamed with marks and gets irritable easily. Usually, sensitive skin develops reddish marks and scaly areas, can make you feel itchy and tingly, and is prone to breaking into spots. It is perhaps the most problematic and fragile type of skin, which requires a lot of special care. It is usually very difficult to get products for this type of skin. Also, those with sensitive skin are prone more to skin infections and diseases when compared to those of other types. Avoid wearing make up to bed and stop smoking to help improve your skin. Stay hydrated and keep your skin moisturized.

Use sunscreen at least 15 – 20 minutes before stepping out in the sun. Even if it is cloudy, use sunscreen as UVA and UVB rays still manage to penetrate through the clouds. Those with darker skin can go for SPF 15 but those with light skin should go for a higher SPF. If you have a sensitive skin, go for SPF 50 and carry it with you. Your skin is more prone to the rays. It is always better to know your body and skin before using products. Do not always blame the brands.